AI can spot malpositioned catheters on pediatric x-rays
April 17, 2019 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can automatically analyze pediatric x-rays to identify patients with incorrectly positioned catheters, potentially enabling these studies to be triaged for priority review by radiologists, according to research published online April 10 in the Journal of Digital Imaging.  Discuss
Ultrasound in late pregnancy could reduce C-section rate
April 16, 2019 -- Performing ultrasound scans late in pregnancy helps women avoid undiagnosed breech presentation of their babies, translating to improved clinical outcomes, lower rates of emergency cesarean sections (C-sections), and perhaps even lower healthcare costs, according to a study published April 16 in PLOS Medicine.  Discuss
The 5 things radiology needs to speed up AI use
April 16, 2019 -- What's needed to accelerate advances in artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology? New image reconstruction methods, automated image labeling and annotation techniques, pretrained model architectures, explainable AI, and imaging data aggregation are all needed, according to a special report published April 16 in Radiology.  Discuss
Elastography can help characterize breast tumors
April 16, 2019 -- Breast elastography is an overlooked tool for evaluating breast cancer, especially since it shows promise for helping radiologists distinguish between benign and malignant lesions, according to a presentation delivered at the American Institute for Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) meeting in Orlando, FL.  Discuss
CTC offers added value to colon cancer screening
April 16, 2019 -- CT colonography (CTC) nearly matched the predictive accuracy of colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening, while also allowing for risk stratification by providing detailed insight into the nature of colorectal findings in a new study, published online April 11 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.  Discuss
3D-bioprinted model mimics real human heart properties
April 16, 2019 -- Researchers from Israel have created a 3D-printed model that captures the immunological, biochemical, cellular, and anatomical properties of a real human heart, according to an article published online April 15 in Advanced Science.  Discuss
Prolonged CT lung screening offers cumulative benefits
April 15, 2019 -- The latest results from the Multicentric Italian Lung Detection trial highlighted the increasing benefits of CT lung screening over time -- starting after year five -- culminating in a 39% reduction in lung cancer mortality risk for eligible smokers at 10 years, according to a recent study published in the Annals of Oncology.  Discuss
Ultrasound CADx software can stratify thyroid nodules
April 15, 2019 -- Although it doesn't perform as well as a sonography expert, ultrasound computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) software can still be useful for stratifying thyroid nodules by their risk of malignancy, according to research published online April 11 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.  Discuss
Flortaucipir-PET shows promise for detecting CTE
April 12, 2019 -- Flortaucipir-PET scans revealed high amounts of tau protein in brain regions associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in former professional football players, potentially enabling this disease to one day be diagnosed before death, according to new research in the New England Journal of Medicine.  Discuss
#MyRadGirlfriend No. 84: The most dangerous place
April 12, 2019 -- Yes, the emergency room can be a dangerous place for a physician. But even greater danger can be found elsewhere in the hospital, as we learn in the next installment of #MyRadGirlfriend.  Discuss
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