Few artifacts from CT eye shields affect diagnosis
January 22, 2019 -- Giving patients eye shields to protect the eye lens from radiation during CT scans resulted in some image artifacts, but these rarely affected exam interpretation, according to research published online January 15 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.  Discuss
Personalized treatment fights early-stage kidney cancer
January 15, 2019 -- Personalized treatment plans based on computer models can help improve life expectancy for early-stage kidney cancer patients who have risk factors for worsening kidney disease, according to research published online January 15 in Radiology.  Discuss
Are CT lung screening trials underestimating harms?
January 15, 2019 -- The complication rates and subsequent costs of invasive diagnostic procedures ordered after positive CT lung screening exams were two times greater in clinical practice than reported in the National Lung Screening Trial, according to an article published online January 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.  Discuss
Risk-targeted incentives may bolster CT lung screening
January 14, 2019 -- CT lung cancer screening programs that offer incentives for screening individuals with high mortality risk may not only boost participation rates but also could lead to considerable health and financial gains on a population level, according to an article published in the January issue of Health Affairs.  Discuss
CT CAC reveals high heart disease risk in South Asian men
January 11, 2019 -- The incidence and progression rates of coronary artery calcium (CAC) on the CT scans of South Asian men living in the U.S. were as high as those of whites and markedly higher than those of black, Chinese, and Latino men, according to an article published online January 11 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.  Discuss
Is fluoroscopy or CT guidance best for spinal injections?
January 10, 2019 -- CT guidance allowed interventional radiologists to perform spinal injections just as effectively as they did using traditional fluoroscopy but with much lower personal radiation exposure, according to an article published online January 8 in Radiology. The cost? Increased radiation exposure to patients.  Discuss
CT scans show impact of space flight on muscles
January 10, 2019 -- Prolonged time in space can have a measurable effect on muscle size and composition, according to researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). An MIT group analyzed CT scans of astronauts who spent months on the International Space Station to document muscle changes.  Discuss
Cancer death rates decline, but economic gap remains
January 9, 2019 -- The overall cancer death rate in the U.S. dropped by 27% over the past 25 years, but more needs to be done to reduce deaths among Americans of lower socioeconomic status, according to a report from the American Cancer Society published online January 7 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.  Discuss
Use of emergency chest imaging on the rise
January 8, 2019 -- Led by significant growth in the use of CT, the utilization of noncardiac chest imaging increased markedly in the emergency department during the past few decades, according to research from the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute published online January 2 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.  Discuss
Expeditors can help improve emergency CT workflow
January 7, 2019 -- Could a staff member assigned to serve as a dedicated expeditor in the emergency department boost the efficiency of CT exams? Most assuredly, say researchers from New York, who found the new role helped reduce CT turnaround times by more than 20%. Their findings were published online in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.  Discuss