Choosing Wisely doesn't reduce pediatric chest x-rays
October 16, 2018 -- Nearly half of children presenting at U.S. emergency departments from 2007 to 2015 with acute bronchiolitis received radiography, despite the publication in 2013 of Choosing Wisely guidelines recommending against the imaging exam, according to a research letter published October 16 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.  Discuss
AI can't replace radiologists for chest x-ray reads
October 9, 2018 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can assist radiologists in interpreting routine chest x-rays and looking for changes on serial studies. But the software's limitations render it unsuitable for taking over the radiologist's role in reading these exams, according to research published October 4 in PLOS One.  Discuss
AI detects more malignant lung nodules on x-rays
September 27, 2018 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm improved the performance of nonradiology physicians and even thoracic radiologists for detecting malignant pulmonary nodules on chest radiographs, according to research published online September 25 in Radiology.  Discuss
C-MIMI: Radiologists 'swarm' with AI to detect pneumonia
September 11, 2018 -- Are radiologists and artificial intelligence (AI) better together than apart? The answer is yes, at least for diagnosing pneumonia on chest x-rays, according to research presented on Monday at the 2018 Conference on Machine Intelligence in Medical Imaging (C-MIMI) in San Francisco.  Discuss
NIH seeks partner for UpRite chest x-ray marker
September 6, 2018 -- If you build a better mousetrap, the world will beat a path to your door, the saying goes. But what if you design a better x-ray marker? The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) has that in mind as it seeks an industry partner to license UpRite, a new type of chest x-ray marker developed by one of its scientists.  Discuss
RSNA launches AI challenge to detect pneumonia on x-rays
August 28, 2018 -- The RSNA has launched its second annual machine-learning challenge: The RSNA Pneumonia Detection Challenge invites teams to develop artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to identify and localize pneumonia in chest x-rays, with top submissions to be recognized at the RSNA 2018 meeting.  Discuss
Federal bill promotes x-ray screening for black lung
August 24, 2018 -- Legislation has been introduced into the U.S. Congress that would shore up the federal program that provides x-ray screening to detect black lung in coal miners. The legislation is intended to head off a looming health crisis as the number of black lung diagnoses climbs in the Appalachian region.  Discuss
Is chest x-ray overused for patients on ventilation?
August 10, 2018 -- Many patients undergoing mechanical ventilation continue to receive daily chest x-rays, despite the publication of guidelines discouraging their use. On the positive side, the use of chest x-rays in these patients has declined from 2008 to 2014, according to an August 10 paper in JAMA Network Open.  Discuss
X-ray detects resurgence of black lung in coal miners
July 30, 2018 -- The prevalence of black lung disease has risen sharply among coal miners in the U.S., according to researchers who analyzed almost 50 years of radiographs. The trend reverses years of progress in reducing the prevalence of the disease, they note in a study published in the American Journal of Public Health.  Discuss
U.K. research could lead to flexible x-ray detectors
July 27, 2018 -- What if x-ray detectors were flexible enough to conform to patient anatomy? Would they produce better image quality or enable more accurate monitoring of radiation dose? It may not be a pipe dream. Researchers from the University of Surrey in the U.K. are working on a digital x-ray detector material that could be fabricated into flexible x-ray detectors.  Discuss